Populations, politics and prejudice: how diversity and equality shape interactions, attitudes and belonging among natives, immigrants and their offspring (EQUALPROP)

  • Supervisor: Olivier Klein & Dirk Jacobs
  • Research center: CESCUP & GERME
  • Research start date: 01.11.2021


Today more people than ever migrate around the world, therefore more people than ever live, study and work in countries, cities or institutions together with immigrants. It has been claimed both in conflict theory as in constrict theory that increasing ethno-cultural diversity stemming from migration poses challenges in terms of social cohesion. Contesting conflict and constrict theory, this project will investigate whether more equality between natives and immigrants and their offspring can mitigate potential threats arising from increasing immigration-related diversity. Contextualizing mainstream social psychological research on intergroup contact, this proposal highlights the role of equality in the broader socio-political context. More specifically, I will combine rigorous sociological and social psychological methods that allow for testing the causal role of equality. In a nutshell, the research undertaken in this fellowship will advance the state of the art by testing the causal role of equality in achieving social cohesion.


Judit Kende received her PhD in 2018 from the University of Leuven and since then worked at the University of Amsterdam and the University of Lausanne. Her research focuses on intergroup relations and equality. She is interested in how equality influences how people from different social groups relate to each other and in what ways people from different social groups can challenge inequalities together. Her work was awarded by Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues for best paper in intercultural relations and by the International Academy for Intercultural Research for the best dissertation.


Kende, J., Sarrasin, O., Manatschal, A., Phalet, K., & Green, E. G. T. (2022). Policies and prejudice: Integration policies moderate the link between immigrant presence and anti-immigrant prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000376

Kende, J., Baysu, G., Phalet, K., & Fleischmann, F. (2021). Dual identity in context: The role of minority peers and school discrimination. Journal of Social Issues, 77(4), 1087–1105. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12487

Kende, J., Psaltis, C., Reiter, J., Fousiani, K., Cakal, H., & Green, E. (2021). Past and Present Intergroup Contact and Conflict Among Inhabitants of Former Mixed Villages of Cyprus: The Role of Individual and Collective Experiences in Predicting Attitudes and Trust. Political Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12791 *shared first authorship with Charis Psaltis

Kende, J., Baysu, G., Van Laar, C., & Phalet, K. (2021). Majority group belonging without minority group distancing? Minority experiences of intergroup contact and inequality. British Journal of Social Psychology, 60(1), 121–145. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12382

Kende, J., Phalet, K., Van den Noortgate, W., Kara, A., & Fischer, R. (2018). Equality Revisited: A Cultural Meta-Analysis of Intergroup Contact and Prejudice. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9(8), 887–895. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550617728993

Curtin, N., Kende, A., & Kende, J.* (2016). Navigating Multiple Identities: The Simultaneous Influence of Advantaged and Disadvantaged Identities on Politicization and Activism. Journal of Social Issues, 72(2), 264–285. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12166,  *shared first authorship

Kende, J. (2010). Óvodások előítéletei: a csoportok szerepe kisgyerekek előítéleteinek és sztereotípiáinak alakulásában [Prejudice among young children: The role of peers in the developments of children’s stereotypes and prejudice]. Alkalmazott Pszichológia, 12, 135–143.

Árnadóttir, K., Kende, J., Phalet, K., & Tropp, L. R. (2022). The interplay of positive and negative intergroup contact: Experiences of Latino/a Youth in the U.S. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 86, 190–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJINTREL.2021.12.004

Celeste, L., Baysu, G., Phalet, K., Meeussen, L., & Kende, J. (2019). Can School Diversity Policies Reduce Belonging and Achievement Gaps Between Minority and Majority Youth? Multiculturalism, Colorblindness, and Assimilationism Assessed. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45(11), 1603–1618. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167219838577